mirkwoodest: mirkwoodest: mirkwoodest: One of the ballsiest things Tolkien ever did was write 473k…

Friday, November 15th, 2019

mirkwoodest:

mirkwoodest:

mirkwoodest:

One of the ballsiest things Tolkien ever did was write 473k words about some hobbits called frodo, sam, merry, and pippin and then write in the appendices that their names are actually maura, ban, kali, and razal. 

This just in: Eowyn and Eomer’s names actually start with the letter “L.” [source for other nerds

#wait so they have hobbitish names and common names?

No, they have Westron names and English names.

What you’ve got to understand is that everything Tolkien wrote was him pretending to merely translate ancient documents. He was writing as if the Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings were actually been written by Bilbo, Frodo, and Sam (or Bilba, Maura, and Ban) and he was just some random contemporary academic translating it all into English for us. 

There are many languages in his books, but generally speaking, everything written in English in the books is a translation of the language “Westron.” Therefore any names that come from Westron, he translated. Names coming from other languages, like Sindarin, he left as they were. Why? IDK. Maybe because the stories are from a hobbit perspective and hobbits speak Westron, so he wanted the Westron parts to sound familiar and the other languages/names to remain foreign? 

“But Mirkwoodest!” you cry, “The word ‘hobbit’ isn’t an English word! And the names Bilbo Baggins, Frodo Baggins, Samwise Gamgee, Peregrin Took, and Meriadoc Brandybuck” all sounds super weird and not like English at all!”

Psych! They are in English! (Or Old English, German, or Norse.) Once again you underestimate what a nerd Tolkien was. Let me break it down: 

In Westron, hobbits are actually called “kuduk,” which means “hole-dweller,” so for an English translation, Tolkien called them “hobbits” which is a modernization of the Old English word “holbytla” which comes from “Hol” (hole) and “Bytla”(builder)

“Maura” is a Westron name which means “Wise.” Weirdly enough, “Frodo” is an actual Proto-Germanic name that actual people used to have and it means the same thing. 

“Banazîr” is Westron for “half-wise, or simple.” In Proto Germanic, the prefix “Sam” means half, and wise is obviously a word we still use. 

“Razanur” means “Traveler” or “Stranger” which is also the meaning of the word “Peregrin(e)” This one is a twofer because  “Razar” means “a small red apple” and in English so does “Pippin.”

“Kalimac” apparently is a meaningless name in Westron, but the shortened form “Kali” means “happy,” so Jirt decided his nickname would be “Merry” and chose the really obscure ancient Celtic name “Meriodoc” to match. 

Jirt chose to leave “Bilba” almost exactly the same in English, but he changed the ending to an “O” because in Westron names ending in “a” are masculine. 

I’m not going to go on and talk about the last names but those all have special meanings too (except Tûk, which is too iconic to change more than the spelling of, apparently). 

The Rohirrim were also Westron speakers first and foremost, so their names are also “translations” into Old English and Proto-Germanic words, i.e. “Eowyn”  is a combination of “Eoh” (horse) and “Wynn” (joy/bliss)

“Rohirrim/Rohan” are Sindarin words, but in the books, they call themselves the “Éothéod” which is an Old English/Norse combo that means “horse people.” Tolkien tells us in the “Peoples of Middle Earth” that the actual Westron for “Éothéod” is Lohtûr, which means that Eowyn and Eomer’s names, which come from the same root word, must also start with the letter L. 

The names of all the elves, dwarves, Dunedain, and men from Gondor are not English translations, since they come from root words other than Westron. 

The takeaway from this is that when a guy whose first real job was researching the history and etymology of words of Germanic origin beginning with the letter “W” writes a book, you can expect this kind of tomfoolery.

Notes: Sorry I said “Razal” instead of “Razar” in my original post I’m a fraud. 

Further Reading: 

Rohirric , Westron 

Reposted from https://lies.tumblr.com/post/189082876920.

joannalannister: “high above the plains of Mordor, such wonder and terror came on him that he stood…

Tuesday, November 5th, 2019

joannalannister:

“high above the plains of Mordor, such wonder and terror came on him that he stood still forgetting all else, and gazed as one turned to stone. A brief vision he had of swirling cloud, and in the midst of it towers and battlements, tall as hills, founded upon a mighty mountain-throne above immeasurable pits; great courts and dungeons, eyeless prisons sheer as cliffs, and gaping gates of steel and adamant: and then all passed.”

The Return of the King 

“the Tower trembled from its foundations to its proud and bitter crown. The Dark Lord was suddenly aware of him, and […] the magnitude of his own folly was revealed to him in a blinding flash, and all the devices of his enemies were at last laid bare.”

Reposted from https://lies.tumblr.com/post/188841379088.

Say’s Phoebe (Sayornis saya)Carpinteria State Beach, 2019-02-05

Tuesday, February 5th, 2019

Say’s Phoebe (Sayornis saya)

Carpinteria State Beach, 2019-02-05

Reposted from http://lies.tumblr.com/post/182586042911.

Say’s Phoebe (Sayornis saya)Goleta Beach County Park, 2018-11-19

Monday, November 19th, 2018

Say’s Phoebe (Sayornis saya)

Goleta Beach County Park, 2018-11-19

Reposted from http://lies.tumblr.com/post/180289577101.

elvenking: The Fellowship of the Ring – Boromir There was a…

Wednesday, December 20th, 2017

elvenking:

The Fellowship of the Ring – Boromir

There was a tall man with a fair and noble face, dark-haired and grey-eyed, proud and stern of glance. His garments were rich, and his cloak was lined with fur and he had a collar of silver in which a single white stone was set; his locks were shorn about his shoulders. On a baldric he wore a great horn tipped with silver that now was laid upon his knees.

Reposted from http://ift.tt/2z4iOns.

welovewebseries: Psychic: *reads my mind* Me: I began in 1809. I was born to a mother and a father…

Friday, September 8th, 2017

welovewebseries:

Psychic: *reads my mind*

Me: I began in 1809. I was born to a mother and a father in the dead of winter. And then what became dead was my mother. And then my father left because he couldn’t stand the sight of a baby with no hair – so I grew hair! And then I was adopted by a family named the Allans – just kidding, the didn’t adopt me they just gave me their name. And to make matters worse, we lived in Virginia. And, also, a bird was there.

Psychic: what the fuck?

Reposted from http://ift.tt/2gR2iQz.

andromeda3116: no but galaxy quest is legitimately the best movie ever it’s a love letter to fandom…

Friday, June 16th, 2017

andromeda3116:

no but galaxy quest is legitimately the best movie ever

  • it’s a love letter to fandom — it totally subverts the “gross man-child in the basement” perception of a fanboy and it’s the fans’ dedication to the show that saves the day
  • i repeat: the fandom saves everyone’s lives
  • the omega-13 is such a cool idea like it tosses out the paradoxes involved in time travel by so sharply limiting the amount of time you can go back: it only gives you enough time to undo one terrible mistake, and only if it’s so bad and so huge that you realize immediately how bad it is
  • like no this is a parody movie but it has a smarter plot and more interesting characters and more genuine emotion than like ninety percent of serious sci-fi movies
  • tony shaloub spends the whole movie high as balls
  • the aliens are actually, you know, aliens and the reason they look human and speak english is actually addressed and justified
  • it’s absolutely hysterical like guy fleegman is one of the funniest characters ever filmed i just
  • alan rickman gives me life
  • SIGOURNEY WEAVER
  • the hero that comes in at the last second to save the ship and the thermians and the whole crew is a teenage fanboy who succeeds because he’s a fan do you understand how amazing that is like patrick stewart initially refused to watch the movie because it looked like it would be cruel to the fans but then he was almost in tears when he actually saw it because it got fandom right and it’s all about the fans
  • no but the whole plot is centered around people (and aliens) being inspired by fictional heroes and believing in them and using that belief to give them strength and hope and going to great lengths to create amazing things or work up beautiful, accurate theories out of nothing more than love that’s amazing
  • this movie is freaking perfect okay
  • freaking
  • perfect

Reposted from http://ift.tt/2rperjx.

welovewebseries: “Sweetie, I’m not waiting around for Agatha…

Tuesday, September 13th, 2016

welovewebseries:

Sweetie, I’m not waiting around for Agatha while the rest of us keep dying off

Reposted from http://ift.tt/2cK8Jlp.

alwayspapadouche: Remember how I was like, is my new nanny rich? Yeah. They fucking are. I’ve never…

Tuesday, March 22nd, 2016

alwayspapadouche:

Remember how I was like, is my new nanny rich? Yeah. They fucking are. I’ve never been to a nicer place in my life and I have purple hair and a dinosaur jumper on.

But did you check the attic?

Reposted from http://ift.tt/1o4xnkQ.

alwayspapadouche: Are the people I’m going to nanny for rich because the restaurant they chose for…

Saturday, February 13th, 2016

alwayspapadouche:

Are the people I’m going to nanny for rich because the restaurant they chose for our meeting is kind of ridiculous.

Shoulda charged them more.

Reposted from http://ift.tt/20uzIT1.

scioscribe: I have seen people say that one of the tragedies of “The World Was Wide Enough” is that…

Friday, February 5th, 2016

scioscribe:

I have seen people say that one of the tragedies of “The World Was Wide Enough” is that Hamilton and Burr both break with their natures–Burr doesn’t wait and Hamilton throws away his shot.  This is perfectly, literally true, as well as excellent wordplay in the second instance, but I’ve been thinking that one of the really beautiful things about the musical is that it’s not completely true.

Hamilton throws away his (gun)shot, but that’s never–in his own mind or in the play itself–been what the metaphorical shot really is, at least not consistently.  “Not throwing away your shot” is about not wasting your opportunities; it’s about making the deliberate choice.  Hamilton throws away his more active military career when he signs on as Washington’s aide, but he views this–at least in the moment–as seizing his shot, because Washington has persuaded him that it’s harder and more honorable to try to live.  He and his men take the bullets out of their guns at Yorktown to better secure their victory.

And it’s not only Hamilton who wins by losing, or at least by forfeiting the showier and more conventional route to victory: it’s Washington, too.  LMM is explicit about this in the notes on “One Last Time”: that the song highlights Washington’s “most radical act/lasting legacy,” which is his decision to walk away from power and not seek it again.  He throws away the most obvious form of power, but he doesn’t throw away his chance for meaningful action: he just redefines what meaningful action looks like.  Even though Hamilton says it will make him look weak, Washington pushes through, because “they will see we’re strong.”  He turns down one shot for another: he teaches a country, and a succession of presidents, and Hamilton himself, to say goodbye.

And that’s what Hamilton learns from him, and from Eliza, who chooses–consciously and actively–to forgive.  He says, “If I throw away my shot, is this how you’ll remember me?  What if this bullet is my legacy?”  And it is, and he knows that, and he chooses this chance, this idea of meaningful action: to aim at the sky.  To not kill, or even feign to kill, “[his] first friend, [his] enemy.”  And we don’t say he’s weak for that; we see he’s strong.

Because kindness, in Hamilton, is always deserving of our awe and respect.  Hamilton’s “non-stop” series of accomplishments is wonderful to behold, but the one thing we’re really asked if we can even imagine is Eliza offering him forgiveness.  When Hamilton chooses to aim for the sky, he doesn’t throw away his shot, he takes stock of everyone he’s loved, and everyone he’s lost, and everything he’s done, and seizes the opportunity–to be kind.  To make peace.

And for us, at least, that’s a substantial part of his legacy.  So part of what makes Hamilton so awesome, for me, is that it recognizes that sometimes deliberately refraining from action is the most powerful action you can take, and it defines its characters by those active refusals, those conscious choices to not go after more.  Hamilton throws away his shot, Eliza throws away her anger, Angelica throws away her chance, Washington throws away his reelection.  Principle is sometimes most meaningfully expressed by where we draw the line and what we refuse to do, which is why Hamilton cannot back Burr after hearing that there’s “nothing [he] wouldn’t do.”

Hamilton never really gives up.  As Burr says in “Wait for It,” all he does is “change the game.”

These things, too, are part of taking your shot: you take the opportunity to be better, smarter, kinder.  Hey, sometimes you “take the bullets out your gun” and that’s part of how you win the war.

Reposted from http://ift.tt/1PcaiGz.

marblecrybaby: please stop encouraging the killing of sharks and bees and snakes i know the…

Monday, July 27th, 2015

marblecrybaby:

please stop encouraging the killing of sharks and bees and snakes i know the hyperaggressive culture of hating these critters is very ingrained into society but like. theyre minding their own business whenever one of these animals “clashes” with a human its because we’re invading their spaces. we are provoking them and they shouldnt have to pay for acting the way theyre supposed to and honestly if these species disappear itll result in dire consequences for the environment of our planet

Also: spiders.

Reposted from http://ift.tt/1OxLsio.

paintingsforants: Day 345 : Occasionally you may find a…

Thursday, December 11th, 2014

paintingsforants:

Day 345 : Occasionally you may find a leatherback turtle and perhaps even a green sea turtle hatchling (pictured here) stranded around the Cape Town coast. The Two Oceans Aquarium will be able to rehabilitate these babies. 🐢 25 x 27 mm. #365postcardsforants #wdc624 #miniature #watercolour #seaturtle #greenseaturtle #capetown (at Two Oceans Aquarium)

Reposted from http://ift.tt/1yWa6nA.

stuart-pothead: holy shit bruh I love kini zamora

Sunday, September 14th, 2014

stuart-pothead:

holy shit bruh I love kini zamora

Reposted from http://ift.tt/1oLyvUA.

thenewadventuresofpeterandwendy: Help #SaveNeverland -…

Wednesday, August 13th, 2014

thenewadventuresofpeterandwendy:

Help #SaveNeverland – http://bit.ly/NPWfund

Want “The New Adventures of Peter and Wendy” to have a Season Two? And even a Season Three?

Then head on over to our IndieGoGo campaign and see how you can help us out! (http://bit.ly/NPWfund)

Special Thanks to Katie Campshure – http://ift.tt/1dsjgLt
http://ift.tt/1sUuG2A

******
Spread the magic! Favorite, Like and Share

“The New Adventures of Peter and Wendy” is a modern transmedia digital series adapted from J.M. Barrie’s novel “Peter and Wendy.”
Created by Kyle Walters and Shawn deLoache

******
“The New Adventures of Peter and Wendy” is a modern transmedia digital series adapted from J.M. Barrie’s novel “Peter and Wendy.”
Created by Kyle Walters and Shawn deLoache

Peter Pan – Kyle Walters – http://ift.tt/1AyWPld
Wendy Darling – Paula Rhodes – http://ift.tt/ApI7fP
Michael Darling – Brennan Murray – http://ift.tt/1AyWMWm

Writer – Shawn deLoache – http://ift.tt/1AyWMWu
Producer/Casting – Jenni Powell – http://ift.tt/IvN5Ph
Producer – Paula Rhodes – http://ift.tt/ApI7fP
some of the music by: Rob Gokee – http://ift.tt/vKm1NM

This series is executive produced by Kyle Walters and Shawn deLoache with faith, trust, and a little pixiedust.

It started with puppet!Lily kissing puppet!James in that photo from Vidcon. Now we’ve got puppet!Peter making out with puppet!Wendy, with sound effects, in live-puppet-action video. Am I the only one worrying about the direction this is headed?

Reposted from http://ift.tt/1sUuHDJ.

ithelpstodream: Game of Thrones Brienne of Tarth

Monday, May 12th, 2014

ithelpstodream:

Game of Thrones
Brienne of Tarth

Reposted from http://ift.tt/STJtPa.

exponential63: fireofspring: adoptpets: adoptpets: Who’s a…

Monday, April 7th, 2014

exponential63:

fireofspring:

adoptpets:

adoptpets:

Who’s a pretty boy? You are, yes you are!

Bee covered in pollen resting in the heart of a crocus flower.

Nature-loving photographer, Boris Godfroid, uses macro photography for close-up shots, posted to his website boris.godfroidbrothers.be

Happy 1st Day of Spring!

Plant some flowers for the bees.

actually worker bees are females but still carry on

fireofspring Thanks for pointing this out. :) Tumblr, where everything pretty is male…

Also adding a reminder that bees and their habitats are  endangered. From theconsultantblogger: ‘Anyone who kills a bee when they do so much for our environment needs their head thoroughly examined.’

 

Reposted from http://ift.tt/1lFXVDx.

“The words in these introductory pages connected themselves with the succeeding vignettes, and gave…”

Wednesday, June 12th, 2013

“The words in these introductory pages connected themselves with the succeeding vignettes, and gave significance to the rock standing up alone in a sea of billow and spray; to the broken boat stranded on a desolate coast; to the cold and ghastly moon glancing through bars of cloud at a wreck just sinking.”

http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/1260

Reposted from http://lies.tumblr.com/post/52849340483.